Vikings for all occasions, no god too short!
There are many excellent websites where you can learn a lot about the Norse gods. Below are some quick reference tables that may help you identify which god you want to learn about before you set off on a long web search.
Entries in red are for gods, black are for where they live and blue for other property, servants or relatives (not everyone who lives in Asgard is a god).
Abundantia, Abundia - See Fulla.
Aclis - Twin gods worshipped by the Teutons, said to be the sons of the Sky God.
Aegir - ("The Alebrewer") Vana-God of the Sea (or Ocean Giant?), who lived on Hlesey island. He was skilled in magic. He can be good or evil. He was both worshipped and feared by sailors, for they believed that Aegir would occasionally appear on the surface to take ships, men and cargo alike, with him to his hall at the bottom of the ocean. Sacrifices were made to appease him, particularly prisoners before setting sail. He is known for throwing grand banquets for the gods in his undersea hall. In that hall, the floor is made up of entirely gold to light up that place instead of fire. He represents gold, prosperity, sailors, sunken treasure, brewing, control of wind and waves. Mistblindi is his father and Logi is his brother.
His wife is the sea goddess Ran with whom he has nine daughters (the billow maidens, the Undines), who wore white robes and veils. They are Bara, Blodughadda, Bylgia, Dufa, Hefring, Himinglaeva, Hronn, Kolga, and Unn. These nine daughters were the ones who gave birth to Heimdall, the watchman of the gods. His two faithful servants are Eldir and Fimafeng. The latter was killed by the treacherous god Loki during a banquet the gods held at Aegir's undersea hall near the island of Hler (or Hlesey). Aegir was known for the lavish entertainment he gave to the other gods.
Aesir, Æsir, Asynur pl. - A plural word meaning "pillars"; or "supports"; and is the collective name of the Old Norse Gods of the family of which Odin was the patriarch. Aesir might be derived from the old-Teutonic word Ase, the common word for "god". The singular is Ase or Áss. Ása is used as a prefix to denote that the God or Goddess is of the Æsirî. The Gods are strong, beautiful and bigger than ordinary people. They live longer than humans, but they are not immortal. Every God has knowledge in different categories. They generally are good, friendly and helpful. The Vanirs who have lived in Asgard for a long time also counts as Æsir. Æsir are the gods of consciousness and the sky as opposed to the Vanir who are the gods of the earth and biological life/the subconscious. One early explanation of their name was that they were "Asia-men", meaning from Asia. The Aesir gods under the leadership of Odin (Fjolnir), included:
The Æsir are direct descendants of Odin by way of the father, or are females who have married (male) Æsir. Aesic (not Æsir) Gods are:
· Odin's Valkyries.
· Frigg's servants:
· Thórr's servants:
· The Gods identified as Vanir are:
· the Undines
· The Vanir are direct descendants of Holde by way of the mother, or are males that have married (female) Vans. Vanic (not Vanir) are:
· Freyr's servants:
· Freya's Valkyries.
· The following are not identified as either Vanir or Æsir:
Agnar - Older brother of King Geirrod, son of King Hraudung. He was lost when ten winters old on a fishing trip with his brother and, after being washed ashore, was looked after for the winter by Odin and Frigga. When they rowed home his brother leaped out of the boat first, kicked the boat back into the sea. Thus the younger brother became king. Many years later, after Odin (disguised as Grimnir) was captured by King Geirrod and tortured over a spit. In in series of riddles he identified himself as Odin. King Geirrod in fright fell on his own sword and died. Agnar then ruled as king for a long time after.
Ai - A Dwarf from the race of Lovar.
Alaisiagae - Nordic war goddesses (see also Valkyries).
Alberich - A dwarven king, Alberich had his castle in a subterranean palace carved out of rock and ornated with gems and precious metal. He guarded the Nibelung hoard and was also a very powerful magician. He gave Siegfried the sword Balmung and a cloak which granted invisibility. Freya received the necklace Brisingamen along with Draupnir, Odin's ring, and the magical sword Tyrfing.
Alf (ON alfr, alfar) - Elf; sometimes male ancestral spirits.
Alfar - ON plural of Alf. The Elves, which are divided into three races Ljosalfar, Dokkalfar, and Svartalfar, or Light Elves, Dark Elves and Black Elves, the last also called Dwarves. Black Elves are commonly though to be the cause of sickness; their arrows (Elf-shot) cause stroke and paralysis. All of the Alfar are wise magicians. They will frequently take an interest in individual humans, as shown by such names as Alfred (Elf-counsel), Aelfgifu (Elf-gift), and so forth The Alfar are also unpredictable, taking pleasure or offense at the slightest things; your manners and bearing are exceedingly important in dealing with these wights.
Alfheim, Alvheim - also called Ljøsalfheimr ("elf home"), in Norse mythology, is one of the nine worlds. It is located on the highest level of the Norse universe. Also found on this level are the worlds of Asgard and Vanaheim. Alfheim is the palace of the god Freyr and the homeland of the elves of light. Neither the elves of light nor the elves of darkness, who live in Svartalfheim, participate in any of the events described in the Norse myths. Elves do, however, have active roles in the literature of quite a few of the other branches of Indo-European mythology. Lysalfheim, Freyr's hall, Breidablikk, Balders dwelling, and Heimdal's Himinborg hall are also situated in Alvheim.
The realm of the light elves. This realm is presided over by Freyr. In general, not very much is known about both the light and dark elves.
Alfrik, Algfrig - An artistic Dwarf, a son of Mimir. With Berling, Dvalin, and Grer, he forged Freya's incredible Brising necklace. To get the jewelry she spent one night with each of them.
Alfrodull - Alfrodull is the sun in Norse mythology. "Glory of elfs" is the meaning of the name. Other names were also used. A chariot driven by a girl was thought to be the sun. Two horses pulled the chariot; their names were Arvak and Alsvid. Because she was being persued by the wolf, Skoll, she drove very fast. Before the world ends, she will have a daughter. Then Skoll will eat her, and her daughter will take her place. The sun does not give off light but gives heat. The horse¹s mane gave off light.
The goddess Sol is also mentioned as the sun.
Alsvid and Arvak - The two horses who pull the chariot of the sun goddess Sol. The gods put cold bellows under their shoulder blades to keep the horses cool while they are galloping across the heavens. Both horses have manes of glowing light and blazing heat.
Algron Island - Where Odin (as Harbard) stayed for five years.
Allfather, Alföder, Alfödr - One of the titles of Odin, "The Oldest of the Gods".
Allsvinn - ("Very Fast") Allsvinn is one of Sun's two horses that drags the sun (the other is Arvak). They are chased by two wolves. Allsvinn has protection-runes carved on his hoofs. Arvaker is the other horse.
Alsvid - ("Very Strong") The horse that pulls the chariot of the moon, driven by the god Moon. Under the shoulder-blades of the horse the gods put two bellows to cool them, and in some poems that is called "iron-cold".
Althjof - ("Mighty Thief") A soil dwelling Dwarf.
Alves, Elves - There are both Light Elves and Dark Elves. The Elves are good and have Freyr as their leader, but the Black Elves or Dwarves are evil-minded. They are skillful smiths. Light Elves and Dark Elves are often beautiful and sensible. and have same size and appearance as humans. The Light Elves live in Alfheim and in the second heaven, Andlang, where the beautiful hall of the light elves, Gimlé is located. The Dark Elves dwell in mounds, hillocks and rocks. The term "Dark Elves" refers to their abodes, and not to their appearance or moral character. The Black Elves or Dwarves live in Svartalfheim.
Alvheim, Alfheim - Alvheim is the world of the Elves, where Freyr and the Light Elves dwell. Lysalfheim, Freyr's hall, Breidablikk, Balders dwelling, and Heimdal's Himinborg hall are also situated in Alvheim.
Alvis – His name means all-wise. He was a member of the dwarf race. In return for the weapons he forged for the gods he was promised Thrud, Thor's daughter, in marriage. Thor did not like this arrangement and devised a test of knowledge to stop the marriage. He told Alvis that he had to prove that his great wisdom made up for his small stature. Alvis agreed and came to Asgard at night. Thor prolonged the test until sunrise when the rays of the sun fell upon the dwarf; all dwarves turned to stone if touched by the sun's rays; Alvis was apparently too occupied with answering Thor's questions and proving himself that he forgot what his nemesis was.
Amber - A stone that is sacred to Freya. When she could not find her husband Od, she shed tears of gold. The tears that hit trees turned into amber. A kenning for amber is "Freya's Tears".
Andhrimnir - ('The one with soot in his face') In Norse mythology, Andhrimnir is the cook of the Aesir and the Einherjar. Every evening he slaughters the cosmic boar Sahrimnir and cooks it in his magical cauldron Eldhrimnir. This boar is restored to life the same night to be slaughtered and eaten again the following day. The cycle continues until Ragnarok. The milk provided by the goat Heidrun, which stands on top of the world tree and eats its leaves, forms the basic ingredient for the mead drunk by the Aesir.
Andlang - Second heaven above and to the south of Asgard. Andlang is home of the beautiful hall of the light elves, Gimlé. The third heaven above Asgard is Vidblain.
Andvaranaut - A sorcelled ring of Norse mythology, andvaranaut seeks out gold and was the possession of Andvari, until Loki stole it. Andvari hexed the ring and it gave bad luck and pain to all who beheld it. Loki gave the ring, which he regretted stealing by now, to King Hreidmar of the dwarves, as reparation for the murder of Otter, Hreidmar's son, accidentally. When Fafnir killed Hreidmar, he took the ring. The ring was forged by Volund.
Wagner told the story of the ring in his famous operatic cycle Der Ring des Nibelungen, which charts the progression of the ring from Andvari to the end, showing the endless stream of misfortunes that befalls those who hold the beautiful ring.
Some have said that andvaranaut is the basis for the modern urban legend about the Hope diamond, which is also beautiful and worth a fortune, but is said to bring pain and misfortune to all who hold it.
Andvari - In Norse mythology, Andvari is a dwarf who can assume the shape of a fish if he is pursued. He lives underneath a waterfall in Svartalfheim. and collects great wealth with the help of his ring Andvaranaut. Later in the myths, in order to settle some financial dispute, he was caught by Loki with a net provided by the goddess Ran and forced the yield all the gold he possessed. The dwarf tried to withhold his ring so that he could rebuild his wealth. Loki made him give up the ring as well and the dwarf cursed the stolen gold which would from then on bring disaster to all who owned it. The gold was used by the gods to pay a blood-debt to pay Hreidmar, the father of Fafnir, because they had killed his son Otter. This myth formed in later times the prelude to the Nibelungsaga.
Angrboda, Angr-boda - ("She who betakes sorrow") A giantess and the mate or mistress of the trickster Loki. Angrboda ("herald of sorrow") spawned three monsters: the gigantic wolf Fenrir, the Midgard Serpent Jormungand, and the goddess of death Hel. The gods abducted the children from her hall when they learned just how dangerous they were. Angrboda lives in Iron Wood, may be related to Skadi.
Annarr - 1) A by-name of Odin. 2) Also, the second husband of Night/Natt, with one daughter by her called Earth/Erda (Nerthus).
Antler - Freyr had a deer antler without a name, which was his only weapon after he lost his self swinging sword. With the antler he killed Beli, and in Ragnarok he sticks it into the Fire-Giants leader Surt's eye before he dies.
Apple - The apple is symbolic of eternal life. It is the tree of Iduna, goddess of eternal youth. Apple's rune, Ing, represents fertility and limitless expansion. Peorth and Cweorth are also runes of the Apple.
Ari - ("Eagle") Ari is an Eagle-Giant who frightens the dead outside Nifilhel. Nifelhel is the kingdom of the Death-Goddess Hel. Hel takes care of those who have died of age or misfortune.
Aridva - A rock dwelling Dwarf.
Armsvartnir - Fenrir-wolf was chained on Lyngvi Island on this lake.
Arvak, Arvaker - ("Early Walker" or 'The Early Bird'") One of Sun's two horses that drags the sun's chariot, chased by the wolves Hati and Skoll. Arvaker has protection-runes in his ear. Under the shoulder-blades of the horses the gods put bellows to cool them. Allsvinn is the other horse.
As - As, or Ase, is used to denote a male member of the Norse Aesir. Old Norse: Áss
Asa, Asa-Gods - A God of the Æsir; The Æsir; also used to refer to the Æsir and Vanir together. Ases (pl)
Ása-Thór - Thor, the thunder god's full name.
Àsatrù - The religion honoring the ancient Norse Gods. It comes from the words "Ase" which means "of the gods" and "tru" which means religion or belief.
Asgard, Asgardhr - ("Ases' Garth") in Norse mythology, is one of the nine worlds and the homeland of the Aesir, the race of warrior gods. Located on the highest level of the Norse universe, it is surrounded by a high wall of closely fitted stone blocks. The walls surrounding Asgard were built by Blast (or Hrimthurs), who asked in payment the hand of Freya plus the sun and the moon. Odin agreed providing the walls be complete in six months. Hrimthurs had a magic horse, named Svadilfari, who helped him in his work. To Odin's (and the other gods, especially Freya's) horror, with but a few days left, Blast was almost finished. Loki, the trickster, turned himself into a mare and beguiled the stallion Svadilfari away. The job was not completed in time and no payment was given. Asgard is surrounded by a magical river that the Gods once set alight to kill Thjazi, the giant. A bridge called Bifrost connects Asgard to the Underworld. There are two heavens above Asgard: Andlang and Vidblain.
In the middle of Asgard lies the plain of Idavoll (or Ida) where the Aesir meet to decide important issues. There the gods assemble in the hall of Gladsheim and the goddesses in the hall of Vingolf. The gods also meet daily at the Well of Urd, beneath the Asgard root of the ash tree Yggdrasil.
The realm of the principal gods, the Aesir. Asgard itself is home to the many halls and smaller realms. Most of the gods and goddesses have their own halls.
· The first hall is Himinbjorg("The Cliffs of Heaven"). This hall belongs to Heimdall.
· The second is Breidablik("Broad Splendor") and it is Balder's.
· The third is Fensalir("The Water Halls") and it belongs to Frigg.
· The fouth is Bilskirnir("Illuminated by lightning"). It lies in the sub-realm Thrudheim("Place of might") and it belongs to Thor.
· The fifth is Sokkvabekk("The Sinking Floors") and it belongs to Saga.
· The sixth is Ydalir("Yew Dales") and it belongs to Ull.
· The seventh is Vili("Free will") and it belongs to Vidar.
· The eighth is Glitnir("The Shining Hall") and it belongs to Forseti.
· The ninth is Noatun("Haven of ships") and it belongs to Njord.
· The tenth is Sessrumnir("The room full of seats"). It lies in the sub-realm Folkvang("Field of folk") and it belongs to Freya.
The eleventh is Gimle, that sole hall which will house the surviving gods after Ragnarok.
In the middle of Asgard lies Idavoll("The plains of Ida"). In the middle of Idavoll lies Gladsheim("Place of joy") and Vingolf("Wine hall"). The twelve gods gather at Gladsheim to hold councils while the twelve goddesses gather at Vingolf to hold talks.
Ash tree - The Ash tree is sacred to Odin. The Ash is considered to be the father of trees. According to Nordic tradition, the world tree, Yggdrasil, is an Ash. The Ash is the tree of sea power, or of the power resident in water. The first man, Askr, was made from an Ash tree. (His wife, Embla, was an Elm). Special guardian spirits reside in the Ash; This makes it excellent for absorbing sickness. The spirally carved druidical wand was made of Ash for this purpose. Because Ash attracts lightning ("courts the flash"), it is also a good conductor of önd (magical force), Wood cut at the Summer Solstice is best, making it a strong protection against ill-wishers. In former times, the sacred High Seat Pillars of halls and temples were made of Ash. Ash has its own rune, As.
Ask and Embla - After Odin and his two brothers Ve and Vili had created the universe and the nine worlds, they walked on the beach where they came upon two logs of wood which were washed ashore. They picked the logs up and gave them a humanoid shape. Odin breathed into them the spirit of life, Vili gave them sharp wits and feeling hearts; and Ve bestowed upon them the senses, expressive features and speech. Furthermore, the brothers provided them with names and clothes. The male they named Ask ("ash") and the female the named Embla ("elm"). Ask and Embla became the progenitors of the human race and Midgard was given to them as their residence.
Astrild - While Freya is commonly known as the goddess of love, Astrild is much lesser known. This is the minor goddess of love.
Asvid, Asvido - A ruler of the Giants. The Giant who carved runes of wisdom on Yggdrasil.
Asynjor, Asynjur - The Goddesses; feminine version of Æsir; also female attendants of Frigga in Vingolf. One of them, a healer, was called Eir. Others were named Fjorgyn, Frimia, Fimila, and Hnossa the beautiful.
Athem - OE æthm - The "breath of life", the vital force of life borne in the breath.
Atla - Atla is a water goddess and daughter of Ran.
Atrid - Another name for Odin.
Aud - Son of Nagifari and Night.
Audhumla - ("Nourisher" or "Rich Hornless Cow") The primeval cow created from the moisture where the heat from Muspelheim collided with the frosty fog of Niflheim at the very beginning of time. She nourished the primeval giant Ymir from her udders. Audhumla in turn licked the ice in Niflheim into the shape of a man. This was the primeval Norse man Buri. His son married the descendants of Ymir and gave birth to the first god (Odin) and his brothers(Honir and Lodur).
Aurboda - The mountain Giantess Aurboda is Gymir's wife. Together they have the son Beli and the daughter Gerd, a beautiful Goddess that Freyr married. Freyr had to give away his self-wielding sword to get his bride.
Aurgelmir - The primal being. The Frost Giants' name for Ymir.
Aurvandil - ("Seafarer") The friendly Giant Aurvandil is the sybil Groa's husband. Aurvandil was the foster father of Thjalfi (Thorr's servant). On their way back from killing the Giant Hrungnir, Thor and his companions were met by a violent snowstorm and a freezing cold. Thor saved Aurvandil from a certain death and carried him over the Elivogar straits from Jotunheimur to the citadel of the Elves. During the trip Thor did not notice that one of Aurvandil's toes was exposed. It froze, so Thor broke it off and cast it up into the heavens, where it still stands as the star called Aurvandil's Toe.
Aurvangar - Place in Jöruvellir where Svarin's grave-mound is found, from which the race of Dwarfs called Lovar come from.
Austri, Nordri, Sudri and Westri - These are the four dwarfs at each corner of the sky, holding it up above everything. The names Nordri, Sudri, Austri and Westri mean North, South, East and West respectively. Odin set them up there on that day when he created new realms and beings from Ymir's body parts.
Austri - ("East") The Dwarf who was put in the sky's east corner by Odin, Vili and Ve. The sky is made out of the Giant Ymir's head. The other three dwarves were Nordri, Sudri and Vestri.
Bafur - A soil-dwelling Dwarf.
Balder, Baldr, Baldur (bal-der) - ("The Bright One") The god of light, joy, purity, beauty, innocence, and reconciliation. Son of Odin and Frigg, he was loved by both gods and men and was considered to be the best of the gods. Known as the Shining God; the Bleeding God. Sacred wells sprang from the hoof marks of his horse. He had a good character, was friendly, wise and eloquent, although he had little power. His wife was Nanna daughter of Nep, and their son was Forseti, the god of justice. Balder's hall was Breidablik ("broad splendor").
Most of the stories about Balder concern his death. He had been dreaming about his death, so Frigg extracted an oath from every creature, object and force in nature (snakes, metals, diseases, poisons, fire, etc.) that they would never harm Balder. All agreed that none of their kind would ever hurt or assist in hurting Balder. Thinking him invincible, the gods enjoyed themselves thereafter by using Balder as a target for knife-throwing and archery.
The malicious trickster, Loki, was jealous of Balder. He changed his appearance and asked Frigg if there was absolutely nothing that could harm the god of light. Frigg, suspecting nothing, answered that there was just one thing: a small tree in the west that was called mistletoe. She had thought it was too small to ask for an oath. Loki immediately left for the west and returned with the mistletoe. He tricked Balder's blind twin brother Hod into throwing a mistletoe fig (dart) at Balder. Not knowing what he did, Hod threw the fig, guided by Loki's aim. Pierced through the heart, Balder fell dead.
While the gods were lamenting Balder's death, Odin sent his other son Hermod to Hel, the goddess of death, to plead for Balder's return. Hel agreed to send Balder back to the land of the living on one condition: everything in the world, dead or alive, must weep for him. And everything wept, except for Loki, who had disguised himself as the witch Thokk. And so Balder had to remain in the underworld.
The others took the dead god, dressed him in crimson cloth, and placed him on a funeral pyre aboard his ship Ringhorn, which passed for the largest in the world. Beside him they lay the body of his wife Nanna, who had died of a broken heart. Balder's horse and his treasures were also placed on the ship. The pyre was set on fire and the ship was sent to sea by the giantess Hyrrokin.
Loki did not escape punishment for his crime and Hod was put to death by Vali, son of Odin and Rind. Vali had been born for just that purpose. After the final conflict (Ragnarok), when a new world arises from its ashes, both Balder and Hod will be reborn.
Balder's Bane - A kenning for Mistletoe, which was the the sole entity that did not swear to never harm Balder. Loki tricked the god Hodur into shooting Balder with an arrow made of Mistletoe, causing Balder's death.
Baleyg - ("Flame-eyed One") Another name for Odin.
Balmung - A magical sword, Balmung, was made by Wayland the Smith. Odin stabbed the Branstock tree, an oak tree in the Volsung palace, with Balmung. Odin then said that he who could pull the sword from the tree is destined to win in battle. Nine of the Volsung princes tried to take the sword, but only the youngest ever got it out. His name was Sigmund. Odin destroyed Balmung in battle but it was reassembled and Siegfried used it against Fafnir.
Bane of branches - A kenning for fire.
Bane of Shields - A kenning for the sword Tyrfing.
Bara - ('Big Wave') One of Aegir and Ran's nine wave-daughters who are said to be the mothers of Heimdall, the guardian of the Bifrost bridge.
Bari - A Dwarf that was instrumental in the building of Mengloth's hall, Lyr.
Barri Woods - ("The Leafy") A peaceful place known to Freyr and others where Gerd was to meet Freyr for marrage.
Barrow-mound - Burial mounds where the dead were placed.
Baugi - ("The Stooping") An Etin Giant, Suttung's brother and son of Gilling. He owned a field; he had many thralls working for him. Odin disguised as Bölverk, tried to get some of the Mead of Poetry by working at Baugi's farm. After Odin had spent all year working for Baugi, he took him to Suttung, but Suttung denied Odin (as Bölverk) any Mead. Baugi then took Odin to the mountain of the mead and bored a small hole, with Rati, his auger. It was just big enough for Odin, in the shape of a snake, to enter. Having second thoughts, Baugi tried to stab Odin as he slithered through, but he was too late. Later Bölverk seduced Gunnlöd and stole the Mead of Poetry.
Beldegg - A son of Odin who became king of West Saxony.
Beli - ("Moaning") Gymir's and Aurboda's son and brother to Freyr's wife, Gerd. He is the leader of the barking Giants. Freyr was unarmed when he and Beli fought at Ragnarok, but Freyr killed him with a stag antler.
Beli's Bane - A kenning for Freyr, who killed the Giant Beli.
Belt of Strength - The god Thor's magical belt which can double his strength.
Beowulf - An Anglo-Saxon hero, noted for fighting the Grendl monster an epic poem of the same name.
Berchta, Perchta - A Germanic Goddess, wanders through the fields during Yuletide bringing them fertility and also causing harm. She has bulging eyes, wrinkles and tangled hair.
Bergelmir - In Norse myth, Bergelmir was the son of Thrudgelmir and the grandson of Aurgelmir (Ymir). In the enormous amount of blood which flowed freely after Ymir's death, all the frost giants died, except Bergelmir and his wife. Just before the end they climbed into a hollow tree trunk and could thus survive. When things settled down, they became the progenitors of a new, younger race of frost giants. He is called Father of all Giants.
Berling - Berling forged the Love Goddess Freya's Brising necklace together with the Dwarves Alfrik, Dvalin and Grer. The payment was that she spent one night with each of them. He is a Dwarf son of Ivaldi .
Berserks ("Bear Shirts") - In old-Norse sagas, they were warriors who dressed themselves in bear skins, to make use of the fear common people had for wild animals. They whipped themselves up to a sort of battle frenzy, biting their shields and howling like animals. They were ferocious fighters and seemingly insensitive to pain while this madness lasted; berserks made formidable enemies. In their rage they even attacked the boulders and trees of the forest; it was not uncommon that they killed their own people. The belief in berserks can be compared with the belief in werewolves; both are magical transformations of humans who assume the shape of a kindred animal.
They are also sometimes called Ulfheônar ("Wolf-skin-clad Ones").
Bestla - ("The little sauna woman") The Frost Giantess Bestla daughter of Bolthorn married Buri's son, Bor, and gave birth to the three Gods; Odin, Vili and Ve. She is daughter to Bolthorn and Ymir, and sister to Mimir.
Beyla - Servant of Freyr, wife of Byggvir. Her name is thought to be related to a word for "cow", and she is the protectress of dairy work; the alternate suggestion is that "Beyla" is related to "bee", so that Beyla and Byggvir might be the givers of mead and ale.
Biflidd, Biflindi - ("Spear-shaker") Another name for Odin.
Bifrost - In Norse mythology, Bifrost is the bridge between Midgard, the realm of man, and Asgard, the realm of the gods. Since it is the only way for the giants to enter Asgard it is closely guarded by Heimdall, the watchman of the gods.
Bifrost was made of three colors with magic and great skill by the Aesir and is incredibly strong. It is also called Asbru, referring to its makers. At the end of the cosmos, this rainbow-bridge is covered with flames to stop the frost ogres and cliff giants from scaling heaven. It will break when the sons of Muspell ride out over it at Ragnarok.
Bifur - A soil-dwelling Dwarf.
Bil & Hjuki - The Moon-God, Nepur, took these children from Byrgir Well while they carried mead from the well with Sœg ("Tub") & Simul ("Carrying- pole"). They followed the moon on its way until their father, Ivaldi, battled with Nepur and reclaimed them. Bil later becomes Saga. Idun is their sister.
Bileyg - ("One whose eye deceives him, i.e. one-eyed") Another name for Odin.
Billing - The Giant Billing is the master of the Vanirs. He is Gilling's brother, Rind's father and Vali's grandfather. His warriors protects Sol and Mane. In one of the tales, Odin mentioned a female called "Billing's daughter with whom he failed to win the heart of. Presumably, this "Billing's daughter is most probably Rind. However, it is also said that Rind did eventually succumb to his courtship and gave birth to the vengeful child Vali, who was destined to be born specifically to avenge Balder's death.
Bilskirnir - ("Lightning") Thor's hall at Thurdvang. It is the biggest building ever built, with six hundred and forty floors.
Birdwood - Where the red cockerel All-Knower comes from, perhaps a by-name of Yggdrasil.
Bjart - ("Shining One') One of the Love-Goddess Freya's eight sisters. The God of storm and fishing, Njord is her father. The fertility God Freyr is her brother.
Blid - ("The one who is mild') Blid is one of the Love-Goddess Freya's eight sisters. The God of storm and fishing, Njord is her father. The fertility God Freyr is her brother.
Blodighofi - ("The one with blood on the hoofs") Blodighofi is Freyr's horse, which was given to Skirnir, when he rode to Jotunheim to get Gerd for him. The horse wasn't afraid of either fire or smoke.
Boar - An animal sacred to Freyr. His boar, Gullinbursti, has golden bristles.
Bodn - One of three bowls used by the dwarves Fjalar and Galar when they were making Kvæsir's blood into the Mead of Poetry.
Blodughadda - ("With blood in the hair") One of Aegir and Ran's nine wave-daughters who are said to be the mothers of Heimdall. the guardian of the Bifrost bridge.
Boe - In Saxo's account of the Baldr story, the son of Rind is called Boe instead of Vali.
Bolthorn - ("Evil Thorn") Odin's grandfather, a Giant. Bolthorn is father to Bestla, Bor's wife and mother of Odin, Vili and Ve. He is also the father of Mimer.
Bolverk (Boll-verk) - The Giant disguise used by Odin to get the Mead of Poetry.
Bombor - Soil dwelling Dwarf.
Bor, Borr - ("The Son") A supernatural man, son of Buri, a Giant who was created when the cow Audhumbla licked at a stone. He married the giantess Bestla, who is a daughter of the frost giant Bolthorn. Bor and Bestla had three children who became the first gods: Odin, Vili, Ve.
Borghild - She is the personification of the evening mist, or perhaps the moon, who kills the light of day. She is the wife of Sigmund. Her myth became part of the dynastic struggles of the Germanic classic, the Volsung Saga.
Bragi, Brage - The god of eloquence, poetry, boasting, and is the patron of skalds (poets) in Norse mythology. He is regarded as a son of Odin and Frigg. Runes were carved on his tongue and he inspired poetry in humans by letting them drink from the mead of poetry. He greets new arrivals to Valhalla with songs of their deeds. Bragi is married to Idun, the goddess of eternal youth. Oaths were sworn over the Bragarfull ("Cup of Bragi"), and drinks were taken from it in honor of a dead king. Before a king ascended the throne, he drank from such a cup. His virtues are wit, cunning, wisdom, music, writing and the arts.
Originally, Bragi did not belong to the pantheon of gods. He was a poet from the 9th century, Bragi Boddason. Poets from later centuries made him a god.
Breidablik - ("Broad Shining") Baldr's and Nanna's hall in Asgard; a magnificent palace. No unclean thing is permitted to be there.
Brimer - 1) Brimer (Ymir?) is a Giant that owns the island Ókolnir. There he has his feast hall in which the Giants celebrates when Ragnarok is coming. 2) A hall located in Ókolnir. In it there is plenty of good drink. A refuge to those finding it after Ragnarok.
Brimir Hall at Gimle, Sindri Hall at Nidafioll, Nasatrands, Hvergelmir - Places the remaining Gods will be sent to after Ragnarok.
Brisingamen, Brising - ("Fire-Jewelry") The Brisingamen necklace belongs to Freya. It was forged by four dwarves and to get it she had to spend one night with each of them. This ornament can be worn either as a belt or a necklace depending upon how Freya plans to use it. Loki once stole it.
Broadland - Another name for Vidar's hall. Also called Landvidi ("Whiteland").
Broadview - Another name for Balder's Hall.
Brokk and Eitri - The two dwarfs who made the golden ring Draupnir, the golden boar Gullinbursti and the mighty hammer Mjollnir.
Brokk - A Dwarf; superb smith and jeweler, son of Ivaldi. He was pictured as small and blackened from the smithy. With his brother Eitri he made Sif's golden hair, the spear Gungnir, the ship Skidbladnir. Loki wagered his head that Brokk's brother Sindri could not forge greater magical items than these. So, Loki, in the form of a gadfly, stung him on the hand, neck and eyelids to prevent him from helping with the forge's bellows and winning the bet, but Loki failed. His brother Sindri created the boar Slidrugtanni for Freyr and Freya, the ring Draupnir for Odin, and a new hammer for Thor, a hammer which would be impossible to steal, because it would always return to its owner. Loki ran but was caught by Thor. Loki said, "You can have my head but not my neck". So Brokk pierced holes in Loki's lips with an awl and sewed them up as a lesson not to brag.
Brono - The son of Balder, whose name means 'daylight'.
Brynhild, Brynhildr - ("Byrnie of Battle" or "Mail-coat of Battle") - A mighty female warrior, one of the Valkyries, a shape-shifter who often used a swan disguise, and a heroine from the German epics, especially in the Nibelungen saga, in which she is an Icelandic princess. She defied Odin and in punishment he imprisoned her within a ring of fire on earth, decreeing that there she would remain until a brave hero rescued her. Siegfied (Sigurd) braved the fire, broke her charmed sleep, and fell in love with her. He gave her the ring, Andvarinaut, unaware of its curse. Eventually she kills herself when she learns that Sigurd had betrayed her with another woman (Gudrun), not knowing he had been bewitched into doing so by Grimhild.
Budli - Father of Atli (Attila the Hun) and Brunhild.
Buri, Bure - ("Good-looking" or "Great and Huge") - Buri is the primeval man in Norse mythology. He had neither father nor mother, but was created by a cow named Audhumla. As she licked the salt blocks of Ginnagagap, the shape of a man, Buri, was formed. Buri had a son named Bor. Bor had three sons who were gods: Odin, Vili, and Ve. Buri died of old age, as the golden apples of Iduna had yet to appear.
Byggvir - Companion God of Freyr. The God of ale/beer and corn, Byggvir is married to Beyla. He is Freyr's servant and lives at Freyr's farm Alfheim. His task is to take care of the world-mill and its grist.
Byleist - ("Lightning") The Storm-Giant Byleist is Farbauti's and Laufey's son. He has two brothers, the trickster Loki and the Water-Giant Helblindi.
Byrgir - A well found in the kingdom of Ivaldi, probably connected to Mirmir's Well, since its water gave the gift of poetic power and ecstasy. Ivaldi tried to keep this secret, and sent two of his children in the dark of night to empty out the well and bring back the mead. From this mead he allowed the Gods to drink as much as they wanted. Nepur, the Moon-God spied the youngsters on their way back home with a pail full of mead, and abducted them and the mead. But Ivaldi fought Nepur as he passed through the underworld and reclaimed them.
Coiler - A kenning for the Midgard-Serpent.
Dagur - In Norse myth, Dagur is the personification of the day. He is the son of Delling, the personification of twilight, and Nott (Night) in her third marriage. The gods gave Dagur a chariot and put him in the sky. His chariot is pulled by the horse Skinfaxi, whose shining mane illuminates the earth and the sky. Dagur is the father of the Light Elves and the personification of the daylight.
Dain - A ruler of the Elves.
Damp With Sleet - Another name of Hel's hall. Also called "Eliudnir".
Darkdale - The dwelling place of the dwarves, in the north, covered with gold.
Daughters of Aegir - 1) The waves of the sea. 2) The "undines", Aegir's and Ran's nine daughters, born of the waves.
Dead Man's Shore - A hall in Hel where no sunlight reaches, covered by serpent skins and dripping venom. This is the destination after death of murderers, traitors and adulterers. Nidhögg sucks blood from the bodies of the dead.
Delling - The god of twilight.
Delling - ("Day-Spring" or "Dawn") Red Elf of the dawn or east; lover of Nott (Night). Day is their son. Delling is the guard at Breidablik. His name means 'the one who is light-complexioned'
Disease - Disease was brought into the world by the birth of Hela, Loki's daughter.
Dis, Disen, Disir, - The name for a group of goddesses of fate and fertility in old-Scandinavian mythology. The female members of the Aesir and the Vanir, as well as the Valkyries, are often called Disen. The goddess Freya is referred to as the 'Dis of the Vanir'.
Disting - One of the Great Blessings between Yuletide and Easter. Local Things are often held at this time. Freya and Vali are often honored during this blessing as well as the Dises and Alfs.
Dokkalfar - The Dark Elves, who dwell in mounds, hillocks and rocks. They have much in common with the Disir, being thought to be in some aspects the masculine counterparts of these beings. They are great magicians and teachers of magic, and it may have been to their abodes that Odin refers when he says that he learned his wisdom from the "men, very old men / who dwell in the wood of the home". Blessings may be made to the Dokkalfar in one's own home, or one may seek out a place where they dwell if one wishes to ask a favor of them. The best time to approach them is at sunset, for they are not fond of daylight. They appear as very beautiful, though pale, human-like wights in noble clothes. The term "Dark Elves" refers to their abodes, and not to their appearance or moral character.
Dolgthvari - Rock dwelling Dwarf.
Dori - Rock dwelling Dwarf.
Draugr, Draug, Draugar - The undead, or animated corpse, also called aptrgangr ("after-goer"). Draugrs are extremely strong and as such can be very dangerous. They were said to commonly kill the living by applying a massively strong slap to the head. Draugr's should never be looked at directly as it is said that they can steel vital önd from a person by gazing at them alone. Runes are carved on gravestones to prevent the dead from rising and walking again among men.
Draupnir - ("The Dropper") Odin's gold arm-ring, forged by Brokk. Every ninth night eight new rings, as heavy as the original, drop from it. Odin gave the ring to Balder, but he gave it back. Odin later laid it on Balder's funeral pyre. Balder sent it back from Hellheim with Hoenir.
Dromi - ("The Real Chain") The second chain the Gods used to tie up the Fenrir wolf. The first was Loding, and the third was Gleipnir. The chains were forged by the dwarves.
Drop-to-Destruction -The name of the stone door leading into Hel.
Duneyr - ("Rest") A deer which lives in the world tree Yggdrasil together with three other deer. The second dear is Duratror and the other two are Dwarves in deer shape.
Durathor - ("Slumber") The deer Durathor lives in Yggdrasil with three other deer. The second deer is Duneyr and the other two are Dwarves in deer shape.
Durin - One of the mighiest dwarves, from the start of time. He knows the destiny of the old dwarves. Together with Dvalin he forged the magic sword, Tyrfing. He is Mimir's first son, the eldest of Dwarves. He helped his father build the World-Mill to create the fertile soil needed for life on Midgard.
Duva - ("The Hiding") One of Aegir and Ran's nine wavedaughters who are said to be the mothers of Heimdall, the guardian of the Bifrost bridge.
Dvalin - A ruler of the dwarves. One of the most powerful dwarves he was also a skilled smith and able to read runes before any other Dwarf was. Dvalin is most famous for his works, including the remaking of Sif's golden hair, Odin's spear Gungnir, foldable ship Skidbladnir and the bane of shields, Tyrfing. Together with Alfrik, Berling and Grer, he made Freya's wondrous necklace, the Brisingamen.
Dvalin - One of the four stags who grazed on the tree Yggdrasil.
Dvergar - Another name for the Svartalfar or Dwarves.
Dwarfs/Dwarves, Other - In the sagas, the names of other dwarfs and dark elves were mentioned, although nothing else were said about most of them. The sagas, it seems, does not differentiate between dark elves and dwarves. Worse yet, there is nothing mentioned about the light elves of Alfheim. Dwarves were Ivaldi's sons, but the Elves were Mirmir's sons. The Dwarves are short and greedy beings that were magots in the prehistoric Giant Ymir's body. Like goblins they fear the sun. The Dwarves are often evil-minded, but they are talented smiths and they have forged mostly of the Æsirs' treasures.
Back to the topic, the other dwarfs that existed were:
· Althjof ("Mighty Thief)
· Eikinskjaldi ("Oak Shield")
· Gandalf ("Magic Elf")
· Mjodvitnir ("Mead-Wolf")
· Radsvid ("Swift in Counsel")
· Vindalf ("Wind Elf")
Dwarf's Ship - A kenning for intoxication, so called because the dwarves Fjalar and Galar ransomed a ship in exchange for the Mead of Poetry.
Edda - Two collections of Old Norse writings which form together the most authoritative source for Norse mythology. The oldest is the Elder, or Poetic, Edda. It is a collection of 34 Icelandic poems, interspersed with prose dating from the 9th to 12th century. Most of these poems deal with Norse mythology.
The Poetic Edda is followed by the Younger, or Prose, Edda. It is the work of the Icelandic poet and historian Snorri Sturluson (1179 - 1241) who probably intended it to be a handbook for novice poets who wished to become skalds, creators of the sophisticated poetry recited in court. This work contains the creation of the world, various mythological stories, as well as an analysis of ancient poets and rules governing prosody.
The Voluspa, the song of the prophets, is the part of the Edda in which is narrated the events of Ragnarok.
Edda - Both the name of a woman and the title of Snorri's Skalding (poetry) primer. The woman Edda bears a son by Rig (Heimdall), who has paid a visit to Midgardhr to foster a new race of humans. The boy is named Thrall and becomes ancestor for the lowest class of people, the serfs.
Eggther - ("Sword Guarder") The watchman of the Giants, guard of the Giants' world, Jotunheim. Eggther lives in the forest Galgvid. He is also the the guardian of Volund's sword of revenge. His role may be similar to that of Heimdall. At Ragnarok, he is said to have sat on a hill and strum his harp while exuding a grim smile.
Egil - Father of Thjalfi, Thor's servant, married to a Valkyrie. Brother of Volund the smith, and Slagfin.
Eikinskjaldi - ("Oak Shield") The Dwarf Eikinskjaldi was a skillful artist.
Eikthrynir, Eiktyrnir - ("Oak Thorn") The stag on roof of Valhalla, that feeds on the World Tree. Dew drips from his horns and flows into Hvergelmir, then into the rivers.
Einherjar - ("Single Combatants") The Einherjar are brave and noble heroes who died gloriously in battle, they are adopted as Odin's sons. The souls of these heroes do not head for Helheim, the realm of the dead. Instead, the Valkyries will choose from them and guide their souls to Asgard. Here, half of the chosen souls depart for Freya's hall, Sessrumnir. The goddess of war has the first pick. The other half and also the remaining ones are given to Odin in Valhalla and Vingólf.
Valhalla itself is a large stronghold with five hundred and forty doors. It's walls are made of spears binded together, it's roof is thatched with shields and the benches within are littered with armor. Odin's motive for gathering all the bravest of mortal warriors was such that they will be able to assist the gods in their final battle with the giants and undead during Ragnarok.
In the morning the Einherjar are woken by the crowing of the cock Gullinkambi ("golden comb"). They train all day long in combat skills on the plains of Asgard and here, many are slayed in the course of practice. However, at dusk, they are made whole again and return back to Valhalla. They then feast on the cosmic boar Sahriminir and drink mead. It is said that some of the Valkyries themselves pour mead for the Einherjar.
When Ragnarok arrives, Odin would have a total of eight hundred Einherjar. The five hundred and forty doors of Valhalla will fling open and these warriors will march shoulder to shoulder. They will meet their adversaries, the giants and the undead troops, in battle here.
Einmyria - ("Ashes") A daughter of Loki ("Fire") and Glut ("Glow"). Her sister is Eisa ("Embers").
The Top Two
Odin All Father (War, Death, Poetry, Wisdom), married to Frigg (Marriage, Motherhood, Love, Fertility)
Sits on throne Hlidskjaf in his hall Valaskjalf (Shelf of the Dead.
Has second choice of slain warriors called the Einherjar.
Valkyries, his daughters: Brunhilde, Friagabi, Geirahod, Goll, Gondul, Gunnr, Herfjotur, Hild, Hlokk, Hrist, Kara, Mist, Pruor, Randgrid, Rathgrid, Reginleif, Rota, Sigrdrifa, Sigrun, Skeggjold, Skogul, Skuld, Svava, Thrud.
Hugin & Munin, his ravens.
Geri & Freki, his wolves.
Sleipnir, his horse.
Draupnir, his ring.
Gungnir, his spear.
Andhrimnir, his chef who kills the cosmic boar Sahrimnir & cooks it in cauldron Eldhrimnir every night to feed Einherjar.
Valhalla (Hall of the Dead(Einherjar))
Hermod (Odins messenger) Gambantein, his sword.
Fensalir, her hall (The Water Halls).
Happily married couples go to her hall.
Glum, her attendant.
Ordinary or Lesser Gods
Hjuki & Bil, his servants.
Sol (Sun) or Alfrodull.
Glen, her husband.
Alsvid & Arvak, her chariot horses.
Svalin, her shield.
Miming (Forest god).
Atla, her daughter (Water).
Mimir (The Wise).
Loki (Fire, Magic).
Gimli, his hall.
Sigyn, his wife.
Eldir & Fimafeng, his servants.
The Wave Maidens, his daughters: Bara, Blodughadda, Bylgia, Dufa, Hefring, Himinglaeva, Hronn, Kolga, Unn.
Beyla, his wife (Dairy or Honey).
The Divine Gods
Gladsheim (Place of Joy) – Hall of the divine Gods in Idavol (Plains of Ida)
Bilskirnir (Illuminated by Lightning) in Thrudvanger (Place of Might), his hall.
Sif, his wife.
Thrud, his daughter.
Thialfi, his servant.
Tanngrismi (Gap Tooth) & Tanngnost (Tooth Grinder), his goats that pull his chariot.
Mjolnir, his hammer.
Megingjard, his belt of strength.
Roskva, his servant.
Baldur (Light, Joy, Beauty, Innocence, Reconciliation).
Nana, his wife (Moon Goddess).
Breidablik (Broad Splendour) in Alfheim, his hall.
Njord (wind, Sea, Fire, Fortune).
Noatun (Haven of Ships). his hall.
Skadi, his estranged Frost Giant wife (Winter, Skiing, Hunting).
Thrymheim, her hall.
Freyr (Sun, Rain, Bountiful Harvests, Peace).
Lysalfheim in Alfheim, his hall.
Gerd, his giantess wife.
Gullinbursti, his golden boar.
Skidbladnir, his ship.
Blodighofi, his horse.
Skirnir & Beyla (Dairy or Honey wife of Byggvir (Barley), his servants.
Tyr (War & Justice).
Himinbjorg (Cliffs of Heaven) in Alfheim, his hall.
Goldtuft, his horse.
Gjallar, his horse.
Hofuth, his sword.
Hod (Winter & Darkness).
Vidar (Silence & Revenge).
Vili (Free will), his hall.
Ull (Justice, Duelling, Hunting).
Ydalir (Yew Dales), his hall.
Glitnir (The Shining Place), his hall.
Vali, Odins son.
Idun, his wife (Eternal Youth).
The Divine Goddesses
Vingolf (Wine hall) – Hall of the Divine Goddesses in Idavoll (Plains of Ida).
Mount Lyfia, her home.
Freya (Love, Fertillity, Crops, Birth, War).
Sessrumnir (The room full of seats) in Folkvang (Field of Folk), her hall.
Od, her husband, lost, she weeps golden tears as she searches for him.
Has first choice of slain warriors called the Einherjar who go to her hall.
Brisingamon, her necklace.
Tyrfing, her sword.
Hlidesvini, her battle boar, steed.
Hnos & Gersemi, her daughters.
Fulla, her chambermaid.
Women go to her hall.
Syn (Defendants on trial), guardian of Friggs Door.
Leire in Denmark, her home.
Dead Virgins become her servants.
Hlin, Friggs handmaiden.
Saga (Poetry, History).
Sokkvabekk (The Sinking Floors), her hall.
Sjofna (Human Passion).
Snotra (Virtue, Knowledge).
Var (Contracts, Marriage Agreements).
Fulla, guardian of Friggs strong box & slippers.
Lofn (Forbidden Love).
Gna, Friggs messenger.
Hofvarpnir, her horse.
Goddesses of Love & Marriage
Frigg (Marriage, Motherhood, Love, Fertility)
Freya (Love, Fertillity, Crops, Birth, War).
Sjofna (Human Passion).
Lofn (Forbidden Love).
Var (Contracts, Marriage Agreements).
Gods of War & Violence
Odin All Father (War, Death, Poetry, Wisdom)
Tyr (War & Justice).
Vidar (Silence & Revenge).
Ull (Justice, Duelling, Hunting).
Gods & Goddesses of Justice & Law
Tyr (War & Justice).
Ull (Justice, Duelling, Hunting).
Syn (Defendants on trial).
Var (Contracts, Marriage Agreements).